THE EFFECTS OF HEGEMONY AFTER FEDERATION

The effects of hegemony on any given population varies depending upon a range of circumstances. For example: in India where Indianisation of some Government bodies commenced decades before Independence and this Indianisation increased rapidly after Independence until all Government positions were occupied and administered by Indians. These changes were introduced with a minimum of fuss and with little opposition from the general public. This smooth transition was assisted by the fact that Indians have completely different ethnic, racial and religious backgrounds to their English Colonisers.

It was a complete changing of the Guard. India appointed a President, Indians with Indian attitudes and beliefs were elected or appointed to all positions in the various forms of Government. the Governor General was no more. India became a Republic and had complete control over its affairs; all of this was achieved in a very short time. This is something that Australia has not fully achieved in nearly one hundred and fifteen years since Federation. The possible exception was our National Sporting teams and they adopted an aggressive nationalistic approach when representing their country: everybody around the world knew who they were.

And after 1914 when the disasters of World War one became obvious and our Military leaders took control of the Australian Army, and from that time the Australian Army took on a distinctively Australian attitude and appearance.

Another significant change to English Hegemony happened when successive Labour Governments started appointing Australian born Governor Generals and Governors from 1930 onwards in opposition to the reining Kings of England during this time. During the 1960’s Conservative Governments followed suit and at long last no English man or Woman has been appointed to these positions.

At Australia’s Independence (Federation), an Englishman was appointed Governor General to Australia with all of the pomp and ceremony that only the English can do. It was (and still is) the responsibility of the Governor General to represent the English Monarch in Australia and he was and still is required to report directly to the Monarchy.

The Colonies became States within the Federation of Australia, each with their own English Governor who was also responsible to the English Monarch.

The same Public Service operated in each State after Federation as they had before. On a Federal level new Federal Public Service was slowly introduced along English lines.

After Federation all Parliaments in Australia at the beginning of each Session of Parliament, whether they were State or Federal were opened, and are still opened by the Governor General or Governor as the case may be.

The Ministers of the Crown are sworn in at a separate Ceremony by the Governor General or Governor every time their is a change of Government or a change of Minister and they are required to swear allegiance to the English Monarch. After Federation the English Monarchy retained some reserve powers, which include that the English Monarch, can with the approval of the Executive to the British Parliament change or rescind any laws introduced by any Federal or State Parliaments in Australia.

This is still the case to this day.

At the start of each Sitting Day of the Parliaments throughout Australia the Speaker of the House of Parliament that is sitting is required to open the days proceedings by leading Prayers with the Church of England’s version of the “The Lords Prayer”, even though some Members of the Parliament may have been members of other religions or atheists and that people with other religious beliefs may been present in the Chamber. As a result of this everybody who was not Church of England or Anglican had their feelings ignored. It should be noted that the English Monarch is Head of the Church of England now called the Anglican Church.

God Save the King or Queen, which ever was the case, was played before each gathering of people regardless of whether it was official Government meetings or social gatherings, for example before and, or after dances, movie pictures etc.

In law, every Australian had the right to advance their court cases to the Lords of the Privy Council in London and Senior Councils at the Bar were given the title of Kings Council or Queens Council depending who was on the throne at a particular time.

Australians were honoured in the English Titles each year and were nominated by the various Governments in Australia. Both Appeals to the Privy Council and English Titles were abolished by the Whitlam Government in the 1970’s. Playing God Save The King or Queen was also abolished at the same time. However, God Save the Queen is still played at some Official functions and when the Queen is present.

Look! there are plenty of these examples, the list is endless! but those few examples show how entrenched England and English Hegemony is in Australia and how intertwined it is in Australian politics and Australian life.