In 1922 the President of the Servants of India, the Hon. V. S. Sastri, toured Australia and spoke at public gatherings, including town halls in the capitial cities and addressed full houses or standing room only audiences. At the completion of his tour he received a letter of congratulations from the Prime Minister of Australia, Mr. Billy Hughes. Hughes stated that because of Sastri’s tour and the Australian Community’s reaction to it , he would offer full citizenship rights to Indians living in Australia, including access to social security. Because of the changes introduced by Hughes, the wives and juvenile children living in India, of Indian men living in Australia, could on application enter and live in Australia. However some Indians still found it difficult to bring their families because before approval for entry was given they had to prove they could support their wife and family and provide a home or a place for them to live. The practice of returning to India to marry and then returning to Australia to live had continued to this day and kept many Indian languages, customs and religions alive and well in Australia. As a result, many Australian Indian families have dual nationalities and dual loyalties.
Kenna, Len, Are Indians An Ethnic Minority? Volume 4 Hawkers 2013.